Visitable in the Program Com funciona Barcelona?
artly winding and partly classic and geometric. There is a waterfall, a rowing lake, and a music gazebo. Plaza de Armas (1916) by J.C.N. Forestier is rectangular with an elliptical pond. Much vegetation is from the end of the XIX century. Open-air museum of sculptures and an arboretum of more than a hundred species. There are linden trees (Tilia X europaea and T. tomentosa and T. X euchlora), magnolias (Magnolia grandiflora), poplars (Populus alba and P. alba "pyramidalis") and bananas (Platanus X hispanica). Goldfinches (Celtis australis) abound in the Aribau gazebo and in the lake area; and near the Umbracle, paulonias (Paulownia tormentosa) and Prodocarpus neriifolius, and beside the mammoth sacred trees (Ginkgo biloba). Other species are acacia (Robinia pseudoacacia), cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa and Cupressus sempervirens), Australian pine (Casuarina cunnighamiana), belladonna (Phytolacca dioica), and chestnut trees in India (Aesculus hippocastanum). The most prominent are the Canary Islands (Phoenix canariensis), the date palms (Phoenix dactylifera) and the yuccas (Yucca elephatipes), and the blue palm trees (Brahea armata). The shrubs include laurel (Laurus nobilis), tamarius (Tamarix gallica), evergreens (Nerium oleander), and pitospor (Pittosporum tobira) and eponymous ferns of Japan (Euonymus japonicus).
From Trees of Local Interest in Barcelona there is an acacia of Constantinople (Albizia julibrissin)
, a Louisiana orange tree (Maclura pomifera)
, an Australian pine tree (Casuarina cunninghamiana)
and a Quercus polymorpha
, planted in the late 19th century, and cypress trees bald (Taxodium distichum
) on the lake, planted in the early 20th century. More than 100 species of birds
and a large colony of fishing flocks
have been seen. Hedgehog population. Declared historical and artistic monument in 1951, with works by Frederic Marès (equestrian statue of General Prim), Eusebi Arnau (bust of Marià Aguiló), Josep Clarà (nude dedicated to the Catalan Volunteers of 1914), Josep Llimona (nude female The disconsol), Pau Gargallo (bust of León Fontoba), Manuel Fuxà (busts of Milà i Fontanals, Víctor Balaguer and Joaquim Vayreda, and figure of Bonaventura Carles Aribau) and Eduard B. Alentorn (group La cigonya y el f Fox). The umbrella lady, by Joan Roig Soler, is above an ornate Fontseré fountain. The Natural Sciences Board installed in 1907 a life-size stone mammoth. The waterfall of the year 1881 is from Fontseré, with the help of Antoni Gaudí, the author of the rocks and decorative motifs. Many sculptures are from Catalans of the late 19th century. The central element is the Birth of Venus, by Venanci Vallmitjana, and at the top, La quadriga del Aurora, by Rossend Nobas, also author of four groups of geniuses, two faunas and the figure of Eros. Below, four grays of Rafael Atché protect the Venus. Of the old military citadel of 1715 are the chapel, of Prosperous Verboom (1728), the governor's palace, today an ESO center, and the arsenal building, currently the Parliament of Catalonia. The rest of the buildings are from the end of the 19th century, such as the Martorell Geology Museum in 1879 by Antoni Rovira i Trias. From the Universal Exhibition of 1888, the Umbracle, by Fontseré (1883), the greenhouse, by Josep Amargós (1884) and the restaurant, by Domènech i Muntaner, known as the Castell dels Tres Dragons and its headquarters, have been preserved. in 1934 until his transfer to the Forum, of the Museum of Zoology. The park is where Philip V built a military citadel to control the city, after surrendering it on September 11, 1714. He also demolished part of the walls and 1,262 houses in the Ribera district. In 1869 General Prim handed over the citadel to Barcelona on the condition that a park be made. Brigades of volunteers demolished the fortress. The layout was modified to host the 1888 Universal Exposition and later to the Zoo. Insect hotel sponsored
by the Fort Pius Institute.
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