The creation of
artificial reefs park
in front of the coast of Barcelona became the Universal Forum of Cultures 2004.
Even so, that is the past with greater discretion being submerged even improve diversity biological coastal front of the city. The aim was to accelerate the recovery of this environment so degraded. Subsequent 10.70 square kilometers
of seabed, with a dip of 360 concrete structures to favor the flora and fauna
of the area. The five areas are arranged regularly chooses established between the street and the pier Bilbao San Sebastian, Barceloneta. The design of reefs answered promote biodiversity and prevent the trawling technique.
Therefore, there are pitfalls attraction, allowing the colonization of the surface and shelter and passage of a large number of fish species, some of perimeter to prevent trawling and purse seine. The reefs have been made so as to allow the flow of streams, carrying food and with a rough texture, with the aim of facilitating colonization. The species that are
mainly wanted to promote the cuttlefish, squid
and fish species characteristics of the Barcelona coast,
such as halibut or sea bass.
Technical and scientific follow-signposted coastal Reef Park Levante Barcelona.
Park Reef of the coast of East Barcelona was built in 2003 and is located in the area between the new entrance to the port of Barcelona and submerged breakwaters collector Bac de Roda. Bathymetric lines that define the limits of Reef Park are between -10 and elevation elevation -25 meters. It consists of five areas of coral and a line interconnecting structures between some of the coastal areas and submerged breakwaters. The total number of different types of structures installed was 371.
The installation prior years ago a series of artificial reefs in front of the coast of Barcelona allows today a new educational project and research on marine biodiversity Mediterranean. The reefs are located on a white sediment in which there has never been rock bottom, which does not allow them to be considered as primary to the recovery of the seabed, but to increase the complexity of the ecosystem and protect the area mining activities and anthropogenic.
The project is the proven fact that any new substrate in the sea are quickly colonized by organisms are opportunistic initially but gradually the process of ecological succession will result in increasingly diverse communities. The initial colonization of reefs have undergone little known because it does not retain enough pictures or samples of the stages of colonization newspapers to give rise to an in-depth study.
Scientific and technical monitoring aims to collect data features state structures sunk, its colonization by living beings, their potential impact on nearby beaches and coasts and the development of fishing communities and marines.
To carry it out is developed the study of the following sections:
Area Structural and technical monitoring
Department of Environmental Quality
The monitoring of this project with the collaboration and advice of the Institute of Marine Sciences (ICM-CSIC).
As of March 2012, the project continues to monitor scientific and technical, while the associated maintenance and signage of the area has been marked out by assumed by the management body of the beaches of Barcelona.